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About Journal

A scientific and evaluated journal published by the Iraqi poultry science association in college of agriculture university of Baghdad . Date of first issue 2006 .No of issue per year 1-2 . no of issue published between 2006- 2012. 8
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Effect of Adding Red Ginseng Root Powder to the Bush in the Qualitative, Sensory and Chemical Properties of the Carcass Broiler Chickens

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 17-26

This study was Carried out at Poultry Farm, Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad during the period from 27/9/2015 until 1/11/2015 To find out the effects of adding different levels of Red Ginseng Plant Roots powder to broiler diets on their productivity, physiological and some sensory characteristicas under heat stress conditions, Using three hundred one day old chicks of Ross 308 were randomly divided into four treatments (75 chicks/treatment) with three replicates (25 chicks/replicate). Chicks were Fed on starter and finisher rations with 23 and 20% crude protein and 3027 and 3195.3 kcal/kg diet respectively, Supplemental four levels of Ginseng Root powder (0, 300, 600, and 900 mg/kg diet) as for treatments T1,T2,T3,and T4, respectively. Chicks reared on floor and used continuous Lighting system for 23 hours a day and the temperature of the experiment were within range (27-30.4 C˚) and humidity (35-48%). The results revealed It did not show any significant differences between experimental treatments dressing percentage (with and without the viscera edible) and relative weight of primary and secondary cuts excepted superiority significant (P<0.01) in relative weight of wings for T4. Significant (P<0.05) increase in chicken meat moisture for T4 treatment and in protein forT3 treatment and in fat for T1 treatment. There were a significant improvement in sensory evaluation for thigh and breast meet for all Ginseng treatments.
This study concludes that the use of the root of the ginseng plant powder in the diets of broiler chickens has improved sensory and phenotypic characteristics of the chicken meat.

Uses of flaxseed oil and soybean oil effect on Production performance and egg quality of Broiler Breeder

Nidhal.A.GH. Mustafa; Duraid ThuAlnon Younis

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 27-34

The purpose of the experiment to find out the use of flax seed oil, soybean oil and mix of them (plant sources of omega-3), and its impact on productive performance and eggs quality of broiler breeder eggs. This study was conducted in the field of animal resources dept.- College of Agriculture-University of Salahaddin in Erbil, for the duration 11/01/2013 until 28/02/2014. This study included 180 female of broiler breeder Ross-308 33 week old that fed four production diets added to it: T1 (control) 3% sunflower oil, T2- 3% flaxseed oil, T3- 3% soybean oil and T4- mix of (1.5% flaxseed oil +1.5% soybean oil), diets were contain similar level in energy and protein The results showed significantly increases (p <0.05) in the percentage of egg production (HD%), eggs weight ,egg mass ,feed conversion ratio (FCR), egg shape index, normal eggs for hatching, the percentage of broken eggs and the percentage of intact eggs yolk index, albumin: yolk ratio , Haugh unit, yolk color , egg shell strength and egg shell Thickness in the treatments of Omega-3 added compared with T1.

Determination of Myostatin Gene polymorphisms and alleles frequencies in Broiler chicken

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 35-43

This study was conducted at the poultry farm of Animal production Department at College of Agriculture University of Qadisiyah during the period from 9/4/2015 to 20/5/20015 and in a Laboratory dealing with the analysis of molecular genetic in College of Agriculture University of Baghdad. The objective of this study was to identify the genotypes for Myostatin gene (GDF-8) of Ross broiler, using three type of Restriction enzymes (Aci I, Bbv I ,Bbs I), by technique the Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs).
The results of this study can summarized as follows.
The percentage of genotype distribution for the Myostatin gene by Restriction enzyme Aci I in sample of studied was 32, 54 and 14 % for the genotypes. GG, GA and AA respectively and the differences between these percentages was highly significant. The alleles frequencies for alleles (G) was 0.59 while the alleles frequencies for alleles (A) was 0.41 according to the analysis of Myostatin gene (GDF-8) in this study.
The percentage of genotype distribution for the Myostatin gene by Restriction enzyme Bbs I in sample was 6.78, 86 and 31.36 % for the genotypes. CC, CT and TT respectively and the differences between these percentages was highly significant. The alleles frequencies for alleles (C) was 0.38 and (T) was 0.62 respectively according to the analysis of Myostatin gene (GDF- 8) in this study.
The percentage of genotype distribution for the Myostatin gene by Restriction enzyme Bbv I in sample of studied was 98 and 2 % for the genotypes. AA and GA respectively. The allele’s frequencies for alleles (A) was 0.98 and (G) was 0.02 respectively according to the analysis of Myostatin gene (GDF-8) in this study.

Effect of dietary HMB-Ca on some morphological and chemical parameters of broiler chicken blood

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 44-52

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of adding three levels of Beta-hydroxy-Beta-methylbutyrate Calcium (HMB-Ca) to broiler diet on blood cellular and biochemical parameters. A total of 216, day old Ross-308, unsexed broiler chicks were randomly distributed into 4 treatments with 3 replicates for each (18 chick/replicate). Birds were dietary treated with HMB-Ca from day old until the end of experiment (35 day) as follows: T1control group without any addition, T2: basal diet with 0.1% HMB-Ca, T3: basal diet with 0.15% HMB-Ca and T4: basal diet with 0.2% HMB-Ca. Results showed that adding 0.2%% HMB-Ca to broiler diet resulted in significant (P<0.05) increasing in: MCHC,PCV,Hb and blood sugar whereas total count of red blood cells and its volume and the level of serum total protein didn’t affected significantly.

Effect of Adding Different Levels of Lycopene to the Diet In physiologic Performance of Female Quail

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 53-64

This study was conducted in the Poultry Research Station – department of Animal Resources Research – office of Agricultural Research – Ministry of Agricultural Abu Ghraib, during the period from 9/8/2015 to 10/10/2015. The aim of this study was investigate the effect of adding different level of lycopene to the diet on physiologic performance of female quail. Four hundred eighty quail birds were used in this study at age 12 week, Quail birds distributed randomly to 4 treatments with 3 replicates (40 quail birds per replicate). Quail birds were fed one diet during the experiment. The diet contains 20 % crude protein and 2903 Kcal metabolic energy / kg. Lycopene was added to the birds diet from the beginning untill the end of Experimental treatments were as follow T1 (Control diet) without supplement T2, T3 and T4 Supplementing 100, 200, 300 (mg lycopene /kg diet) respectively. Results revealed that dietary supplementation with different levels of lycopene resulted in .Adding different levels of lycopene to the diet recorded significant enhancement (P≤0.05) in the biochemical traits of female quail serum, especially for T4 which recorded an increasing in protein level and high density lipoprotein (HDL), while the glucose levels still within normal range. The results also recorded significant reduction (P≤0.05) for cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and malondialdehyde (MDA) for lycopene treatments. We conclude from this study the possibility of adding lycopene to feed level of 200 mg/ kg feed to get a positive improvement in the biochemical characteristics of serum.

Effect of Dietary Supplementation with Origanum Vulgare Powder on Productive Performance of Broiler Chickens

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 1-16

This study was conducted at the Poultry Farm, Department of Animal Resource, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad during the period from September 19th, 2014 to October 31st, 2014 to investigate the effect of different levels of dietary Marjoram (Origanum majorana) powder supplementation on productive and immunological performance, carcass qualitative properties, oxidation markers as well as the microbial contents of the digestive system. Four hundred and fifty- one old day chicks of Ros 308 were randomely divided into five treatments (90 chicks per treatment) with three replicates (30 chicks per replicate). Chics were fed on starter and final rations with 23 and 20 % crude protein and 3027 and 3195.3 Kcal / kg diet respectively, in addition to the five levels of Marjoram powder (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 kg per ton diet) as T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 respectively. The supplementation groups (T2, T3, T4 and T5) exhibited higher (P≤ 0.05)body weight, weight gain, productive index and economic marker, whereas, lower (P≤ 0.05) feed intake were noticed for them as compared with T1 group.
Conclude from this study that the addition of marjoram powder to diet chicken meat led to an improvement in the qualities of live body weight and increase the weight weekly and total and the rate of feed conversion with a decrease in the amount of feed intake and high the values of all of the productive index and economic marker broiler chickens jam 42 days.

Effect of Supplementing Different Levels of Glucose to Drinking Water During Fasting on Feed and Water Consumption Patterns and Growth Rate of Broiler Chickens Exposed to Heat Stress

Dhia Khalil Ibrahim and Ali Hassan Karim AL-Hammami

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 135-151

Effect of supplementing glucose to drinking water and fasting during heat stress of male broilers (Fawbro) on feed and water consumption pattern for four periods during 24 hours a day, first period from (600-1200) h , second period from ( 1200-1800) h , third period from (1800-2400) h ,forth period (2400-600)h ,growth rate, dressing and mortality percentage ,and glucose consumption were studied .
At 4-8 weeks of age the broiler exposed to cyclic temperature 25-35-25 ◦C and relative humidity 52-60% . Five treatments were carried out as follows : treatment one control (CON) ( without glucose supplementation and fasting ), treatment two (F) fasting only, treatments three (FG3), four(FG3) , five (FG7), glucose supplementation to drinking water at levels 3,5,7 % respectively with fasting . whereas fasting was done for six hours at (1200-1800) h and concomitant with highest environmental temperature 35 ◦C and glucose was given to broiler with drinking water during fasting period only .
The results revealed that : feed consumption pattern for all glucose supplementation treatments reduced during the cold period (600-2400) h of the day compared with F,CON treatments at six week of age while at eight weeks of age feed consumption increased significantly for all glucose supplementation treatments at (1800-2400) h compared with CON .Total feed consumption during 24 h reduced of all treatments compared with CON,F (6,8 weeks of age) . Water consumption pattern revealed a significant decrease in glucose supplementation treatments compared with CON in hot period of the day (1200-1800)h at six week . Also growth rate increased in glucose supplementation treatments . Meanwhile the lowest glucose consumption that dissolved in drinking water in FG3 while the highest in FG7 . Also mortality percentage reduced in all glucose supplementation treatments compared with (CON) .
The study confirmed that there were an important effects of supplementing glucose to drinking water during fasting on feed and water consumption pattern and other character.

Food rationing system in time and compensatory growth of two strains of Broiler chicken

Z. Abdullah H. S. Abdul - Razaq

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 53-63

This experiment was conducted at poultry farm in Grda-Rash , college of Agriculture university of Salahaddin . A216 unsexed one-day-old broiler chicks were used in this study . Birds were divided in two strain (108) of them was Hubbard and the other (108) was Cobb500 . Each strain divided in to three treatment (T1,T2,T3) and the chicks in each treatment were subdivided in three replicate . Chicks were in T1 were used as control and provided feed ad libitum . Feed restricted broiler T2 , provided feed (9 hour per day ) and T3 , provided feed (12 hour per day ) from the age ( 7 – 14 ) days . Results showed the means body weight and growth rate in Cobb500 chicks were increased (p> 0.05 ) due to the compensatory growth in the last four weeks of age whereas abdominal fat yield and mortality were decreased significantly (p> 0.05 ) in feed-restricted birds . There were no significant differences in feed conversion ratio , dressing percentage , breast cut at (42) days of age .

Effect of dietary supplementation with licorice extract on certain egg quality traits of white leghorn hens

M. H. M. Ameen; H. J. Al- Daraji

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 32-45

This experiment was conducted at the Poultry Farm of Animal Resources Department, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad during the period from 1/10/2005 to 1/4/2006, to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with different levels of licorice extract on egg quality traits of White Leghorn hens. A total of 90 females, 34 weeks of age were used. The birds were allocated to 3 treatments of 3 replicates per group; each replicate constitutes 10 birds, 30 birds per group. Licorice extract was added to the diet during the whole period of experiment which lasted 20 weeks at levels of 0 (T1), 500 (T2), and 750 mg /kg of feed (T3). The traits included in this experiment were: Yolk height, albumin height, yolk diameter, yolk weight, albumin weight, shell weight, shell thickness, egg specific gravity and Haugh unit.
Results of this experiment revealed that the addition of licorice extract to the hens' diet resulted in significant improvement in yolk weight, albumen weight, shell weight, shell thickness and Haugh unit during the most of weeks of experiment and significant amelioration in accumulative yolk weight, accumulative shell weight, accumulative shell thickness, accumulative albumen weight and accumulative Haugh unit.
Results also indicated that there were no significant differences between experimental treatments as regards yolk height, accumulative yolk height, albumin height, accumulative albumen height, yolk diameter, accumulative yolk diameter, egg specific gravity and accumulative egg specific gravity in spite of that there was clear trend for the increase in licorice treatments with respect to all these traits in comparison with control group.

Identification of Some Meat Species Using PCR and Multiplex PCR of Mitochondrial Cytochrome B Gene

J.A; Tauma; I.A; Abdul-Hassan

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

The objective of this study was the designing of a fast and reliable multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identification system for testing the pure species origin of meat samples. The present study involved the application of molecular biological approach to identify and differentiate some meat species i.e. cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, chicken, horse and pig. The DNA was isolated from meat samples of each species and a part of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene was amplified through PCR.
Different lengths of specific PCR products were detected to be 157,227,274,274,331,398 and 439 bp for goat, chicken, cattle, buffalo, sheep, pig and horse, respectively. Also, the identification of all meat species studied was determined by multiplex PCR using species-specific primers on mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. The results of the present study demonstrate that multiplex PCR is characterized by high efficiency and sensitivity even with very small amounts of fresh meat.
It is concluded that multiplex PCR can be useful for fast, easy, and reliable control of adulterated consumer meat products.

The Effect Of Early Feeding With Three Types Of Probiotic On Histology Characteristics And Intestinal Microflora Of Gut Broiler

S.R.Zangana; Mohamad; M.Jasim; Bushra

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 59-69

The present study carrid out to aimed to evalut the effect of using three types of laboratory produced probiotics as an early feeding of broiler chicks in hatcher on histology and intestina microflora of gut broiler . The different types of local probiotics as following: First probiotic product contains laboratory isolated Bifidobacterium from cecum of healty adult chickens .The isolated bacteria were grown on skim milk media and carried on soybean meal powder , the second probiotic product contains standard human source isolation of Bifi. longum BB536.The isolated bacteria were grown on skim milk media and carried on soybean powder , the third probiotic product contains mixture of frist and second probiotic with ratio 1:1. A total of 300 one day old unsexed chicks of Ross308, were randomly distributed on five treatments at chicks transport boxes in hatcher , each treatment consists of 60 birds with 3 replicates (20 birds each ) , the treatment were as follows: Treatment 1 ( Negative control ) chicks without any offered until arrived farm, Treatment 2 (Positive control ) , T3, T4 , T5 chicks were offered standard feed, first, second and third probiotic in hatcher by pray and sticked as paste in transport boxes sids. The data showed the following results: The use of probiotic in T5 lead to significant increase (P<0.05) in villi height and crypts depth compared with other treatment ,also significant increase (P<0.05) in T3, T4, T5 in crypts depth compared with T1 ,T2 , also use of the three probiotic treatment T3,T4 and T5 lead sigificant increase (P<0.05) in Lactonacillus bacteria count in crop and cecum while significant decrease (P<0.05) in coliforms count in crop, jejunum and cecum.

Identification of Some Meat Species Using PCR and Multiplex PCR of Mitochondrial Cytochrome B Gene

J.A; Tauma; I.A; Abdul-Hassan

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

The objective of this study was the designing of a fast and reliable multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identification system for testing the pure species origin of meat samples. The present study involved the application of molecular biological approach to identify and differentiate some meat species i.e. cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, chicken, horse and pig. The DNA was isolated from meat samples of each species and a part of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene was amplified through PCR.
Different lengths of specific PCR products were detected to be 157,227,274,274,331,398 and 439 bp for goat, chicken, cattle, buffalo, sheep, pig and horse, respectively. Also, the identification of all meat species studied was determined by multiplex PCR using species-specific primers on mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. The results of the present study demonstrate that multiplex PCR is characterized by high efficiency and sensitivity even with very small amounts of fresh meat.
It is concluded that multiplex PCR can be useful for fast, easy, and reliable control of adulterated consumer meat products.

Effect of The Type of The Vegetable Fat and Oil Added to The Ration on The Broilers Performance

KH. M. Hassan; A. A. Aziz; M. I. Al - Naemi

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 24-32

Three hundred and eight fourth unsexed chicks one day old commercial strain (Cobb-500) randomly fed with four treatments (four basel diets) contained: 5% of soybean oil (T1), 5% of vegetable fat(T2), 5% Corn oil(T3) and 5% of Sunflower oil(T4). The statistical analysis referred to: live body weight at 42 days and the weight gain during the period of (1-42) days were significantly (p≤0.05) better for birds fed diets contained 5% Corn oil(T3) , 5% of Sunflower oil(T4) and 5% of soybean oil(T1) respectively while the birds fed diet contained 5% of vegetable fat(T2) was (p≤0.05) lower for live body weight at 42 days and body weight gain during period 1-42 days. Fat and oil types had non significant effected on feed conversion efficiency, dressing percentage and mortality percentage.

Effect of Adding Different Levels of Powder of Rocket Seeds (Eruca sativa) to the Diets on Some Productive and Reproductive Traits of Japanese Quail

Nashwan M. A. Al. Jobory; Ali . M . Al- Khazaei; Jabbar. T. A. Al-Ali

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 86-103

The experiment was conducted to study the effect of adding different levels of rocket seeds powder to the diets on some productive and reproductive traits. The experiment involved the use of sixty unsexed chicks of Japanese quail one day old, which randomly distributed to five treatments with three replicates per treatment and an average of four birds in each replicate, in day 21 of age replace birds distribution on the replicates by put three birds in each replicate (one male with two females). The experimental treatments as follows (T1) control treatment,T2 ,T3 , T4 ,T5 Addition 2, 4, 6, 8 g of rocket seeds powder / kg of feed, The experiment lasted for 60 days.
The results showed significant improvement (p<0.05) in sexual maturity age to the birds of experiment treatments, where sexual maturity in early age, comparison with sexual maturity age to the birds of control treatment. also the results was showed that the addition of rocket seeds powder to the diets, significant improved (p<0.05) of productive performance for the experiment treatments birds T2, T3, T4, T5, which represent to the body weight in sexual maturity age and in age 60 day, and rate of egg weight in maturity age and in age 45, 60 day, also proportion of eggs production, number of eggs, mass of productive eggs and the results was showed significant superiority (p<0.05) for the relative weights of the testes and ovaries in males and females of the experimental treatments birds on the relative weights of the control treatment birds. and resulted from addition the rocket seeds powder to the diets, significant increase in the concentration of sex hormones (testosterone and estrogen) in blood of the experiment treatments birds ,comparison with concentration of these hormones in blood of control birds .
We conclude from this study that the addition of rocket seeds powder at the different levels to the Japanese quail diets, improvement of productive and reproductive traits. Therefore, rocket seeds could be used as food additional for improving productive and reproductive performance

Effect of Dietary Supplementation with Origanum Vulgare Powder on Productive Performance of Broiler Chickens

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 1-16

This study was conducted at the Poultry Farm, Department of Animal Resource, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad during the period from September 19th, 2014 to October 31st, 2014 to investigate the effect of different levels of dietary Marjoram (Origanum majorana) powder supplementation on productive and immunological performance, carcass qualitative properties, oxidation markers as well as the microbial contents of the digestive system. Four hundred and fifty- one old day chicks of Ros 308 were randomely divided into five treatments (90 chicks per treatment) with three replicates (30 chicks per replicate). Chics were fed on starter and final rations with 23 and 20 % crude protein and 3027 and 3195.3 Kcal / kg diet respectively, in addition to the five levels of Marjoram powder (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 kg per ton diet) as T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 respectively. The supplementation groups (T2, T3, T4 and T5) exhibited higher (P≤ 0.05)body weight, weight gain, productive index and economic marker, whereas, lower (P≤ 0.05) feed intake were noticed for them as compared with T1 group.
Conclude from this study that the addition of marjoram powder to diet chicken meat led to an improvement in the qualities of live body weight and increase the weight weekly and total and the rate of feed conversion with a decrease in the amount of feed intake and high the values of all of the productive index and economic marker broiler chickens jam 42 days.

Effect of adding different levels of Acetyl Salicylic Acid in drinking water on some hematological and biochemical treats of Japanese quail males reared under heat stress conditions

Samah M. Raouf

iraqi poultry sciences journal, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 21-29

The present study aims to determine (Effect of adding different levels of Acetyl Salicylic Acid in drinking water on some hematological and biochemical treats of Japanese quail males reared under heat stress conditions . Used in this study (36) of male Japanese quail birds males aged 41 weeks age were divided into three treatments (12) Male / treatment. Treatment were as follows: control group fed a standard diet and without adding aspirin ASA)) to the drinking water and the second group were fed a standard fishmeal with the addition of aspirin ASA)) by 50 mg / liter of drinking water, and the third group were fed a standard fishmeal with the addition of aspirin ASA)) by 100 mg / liter of drinking water, and provided fodder and water for all groups are free and throughout the study period amounting to six weeks. The results showed that the treatment by adding ASA of 100 mg / liter of drinking water led to a significant decrease (p <0.05) in the concentration of glucose serum,and significant (p <0.05) increase in the number of WBC compared with control groups, while the results did not show a significant difference in RBC, PCV% , Hb and total protein, albumin and cholesterol concentration in blood serum compared with the control group.

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